Possessing fire, brilliance, and luster that surpasses even that of a diamond, moissanite twinkles and sparkles unlike any gemstone on earth. Composed of carbon and silicon, the moissanite crystal is one of the hardest and toughest known naturally occurring minerals, making it extremely resistant to scratching, chipping and breaking. Just like diamond, it can be casted into intricate jewelry designs because of its resistance to high temperatures. Overall, moissanite is not only an earth-friendly substitute for diamond, it is arguably a better gemstone than diamond for creating spectacular fine jewelry that will last a lifetime.
Moissanite was first discovered in minute quantities from particles carried to earth by a meteorite thousands of years ago. There is so little naturally-occurring moissanite that there isn't enough to make a pair of earrings; therefore all moissanite used in jewelry has to be meticulously lab-created. It is now available as beautifully faceted gemstones in a wide array of different shapes and sizes. Unlike other brilliant stones that cloud and dull with time, moissanite is guaranteed to never lose its optical properties. It is neither porous like cubic zirconium, nor attracts oil and dirt like diamond. You can enjoy the brilliance and fire of moissanite for a lifetime with absolutely no maintenance other than the occasional cleaning.
Charles and Colvard is the first global provider of moissanite. Their Forever Brilliant™ moissanite can have slight hints of yellow or green, which is barely noticeable, even when mounted on white gold. If you want whitest stones available, you can upgrade to Forever One moissanite, which is significantly whiter and can match the color, cut and clarity of the highest quality diamonds.
Brilliance: Brilliance relates to the refractive index of the jewel and is measured by the amount of light that enters the jewel and reflected back to the viewer.
Fire: Fire is the dispersion of light in a jewel. It also refers to how light breaks into the spectrum of colours and is measured by the amount of coloured flashes viewed as the jewel is placed under different lighting conditions.
Color: Moissanite created by Charles and Colvard are not color graded. However, when compared to the GIA diamond color scale, their Forever Classic stones are typically J color, while their Forever Brilliant™ stones are G-I color. In 2015, Charles and Colvard released the Forever One™, a stone that rivals even the whitest diamonds with a D-F color.
Clarity: Clarity is a measure of the surface blemishes and internal inclusions of a gemstone. The clarity of moissanite is on average equivalent to a VS clarity on the GIA scale. What this means is the stone appears to be flawless to the naked eye, but the small inclusions can only be seen under 10x magnification. Less than 10% of faceted diamonds have this level of clarity.
Cut: Moissanite is cut much like a diamond, but because moissanite has a higher refractive index, the stone is typically cut slightly shallower than a diamond to maximize its optical properties. Therefore, the ideal cut of moissanite stone is going to be different than the ideal cut of a diamond.
Diamond Equivalent Weight: Moissainte's specific gravity is slightly lower than diamonds. Since most jewellery is sold by carat weight, Charles & Colvard provides a mm size and diamond equivalent weight. For example, an 8mm moissanite has the same diameter as a 2.00 carat diamond but will weigh slightly less.